Chest Pain – Angina Pectoris [Causes, Symptoms, Treatment]

The above video is a powerful reminder of why we should look after our HEALTH.

Today I will give you some information that will help you look after your health better.

You will learn some of the Causes, Symptoms and Treatment for Angina Pectoris or Chest Pain.

Coronary artery diseases brings many common heart problems. These diseases are silent killers and can attack both men and women at any age group.


The factors that cause coronary artery diseases are a history of heart problems in a family. Also factors, congenital diseases, sedentary lifestyle, obesity, alcohol, smoking, gender, and age. One of the symptoms of coronary artery diseases is Angina.

What Causes Angina

Causes Angina

Angina is a tightening, narrowing as well as blocking of the walls of coronary arterial in the heart. The narrowing of the coronary arterial walls reduces the flow of oxygenated blood to the heart.

This makes the heart to be under stress which makes the patient have severe chest pain. The pain is felt on the left side, and it extends to the left arm, shoulders as well as the neck. The pain can also radiate to the jams or back and may cause indigestion.

Angina is caused by hardening of the arteries due to the build-up of plaque in the artery walls or Arthrosclerosis. Arterial Plaques are an accumulation of fats, which hardens the arteries. Complete or partial blockage of blood into the heart due to the arterial plaques prevents the supply of oxygen into the organs.

Angina is divided into sub-classes depending on the area it has attacked. An example of these sub-classes are Bowelgina or abdominal angina. Ludwig’s angina occurs in the mouth due to dental infections, angina pectoris that is a threat to life. Angina pectoris attacks the chest or torso area.

Types of Angina

There are three types of angina. That is; stable angina, variant angina, and unstable angina.

• The stable angina is also known as exertional, typical or classical. It strikes due to physical exertion like heavy weight lifting, jogging, and other exercises. Other causes of stable angina exposure to very hot temperature, heavy meals. Also exposure to severe cold temperature, smoking, and emotional stress.

• Unstable Angina occurs due to thrombus or unstable plaque, and it is very dangerous as it attacks without any provocation. It’s triggered by blood clots that partially or completely block the arteries.

• Variant angina is a spasm in a coronary artery that tightens and narrows the artery wall. Due to this, the blood flow to the heart muscles slows down, and eventually, it stops.

Signs and Symptoms of Angina

The most notable signs of angina are shortness of breath, light-headache, cramping, sweating, fatigue, nausea, indigestion, and weakness.

The main symptoms of angina are sharp chest pain and discomfort, pressure, burning or tightness on the chest. The pain starts just behind the breastbone, but it is difficult to tell exactly where is the pain. It’s said that the pain is on the jaws, shoulders, arms, back or neck.

How to Treat Angina

Treat Angina

The treatments for angina include cardiac rehabilitation, modifications in the way of life, medical and surgical procedures, and medicines. The objective for the treatment is to stop the risk factors of heart diseases and lessen discomfort caused by angina.

Stable angina can not controlled by medicines and lifestyle change.

Unstable angina can be treated by an essential instant health care.

Variant angina can be prevented by changes in lifestyle.

Relaxing your mind assist to stop elements stress ranges and prevents actions that require bodily exertion. Prevent conditions that may make you emotionally depressed or upset that can trigger an angina attack. You should learn methods to deal with unavoidable tension(1).

Lifestyle Changes

Attempt pursuits or lifestyle modifications that may help you to stop or lower hazards of heart diseases. Planning a wholesome diet(2)is essential for any lifestyle alteration. Wholesome and nutritious diet. This lowers the level of hypertension and can reduce large negative cholesterol in the blood.

Other important life adjustments. Are quitting cigarette smoking and tobacco, follow bodily activity or regular exercise, which is safe. Shedding excess weight can aid one to prevent life-threatening factors of heart diseases.

The initial protocol treatment is to reassure the patient then ask the casualty some basic questions to be sure if they suffer from angina. If the casualty is not responding to the question, the first aider should call emergency services. It is important to remain calm when the patient does tell you that they suffer from angina. As a first aider, after gaining consent from casualty, you can go ahead onto treating them.

Factors to Prevent Angina

High cholesterol diet; Low the level of fat in the diet. Obesity is one of the factors which contribute to heart diseases. A person who is obese is prone to suffer from cardiovascular problems like

•Arthrosclerosis that is the cause of Angina.

• Sedentary lifestyle; Light exercises like walking is good for your heart health. Avoid activities that require only sitting all day long. Doing some of the home chores also helps a lot.

• Alcohol abuse and cigarette smoking; Avoid alcohol and cigarette for your general body health. However, if you use them, reduce gradually, and with time you will be able to stop using.

• Avoid stress. Stress may elevate blood pressure which may cause cholesterol plaque rupture and heart problems.


Don’t let heart problems take away your happiness. Prevent arteries blockage! Sharp chest pain can be trouble in your everyday life. It is always greater if your problem is diagnosed or discovered early.

This will assist you to get rid of your symptoms of atherosclerosis like angina chest pain as soon as possible.

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